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Design and properties of a new sustainable construction material based on date palm fibers and lime

Every year, huge quantities of date palm fibers (DPF) are produced and wasted all over the world. Using this natural fiber as raw material would contribute to the valorization of natural sustainable resources. This paper presents an experimental investigation of a new eco-material based on date palm fiber and lime. The experiments on the elaborated material investigate some mechanical, thermal, acoustic properties and moisture buffering capacity. The influence of the fiber/lime ratio on the behavior of the lightweight aggregate was studied systematically. The results of compressive strength testing indicated that PDF incorporation led to a reduction in resistance limit, however, the recorded average values are still acceptable. Also, it was observed that the thermal conductivity is sensitive to the variation of the fiber/lime composition ratio. The measured thermal conductivity reached a minimum of 0.091?W/m.K for samples of 50% fiber, which indicates that it can be used as a good thermal insulator. With regard to the sound absorption, the new material reveals good absorption capacity based on the measured sound absorption coefficient which is for 50% of fiber: for medium and high frequencies 0.65 and 0.55 respectively. Due to its porous morphology, the proposed material has the ability to absorb water vapor in a high relative humidity environment and to restore it in a dry one. Hence, it could therefore act as a hygric regulator. Measurements of moisture buffer value revealed that the material is classified as good or excellent depending on the percentage of fiber.

» Author: R. Belakroum, A. Gherfi, M. Kadja, C. Maalouf, M. Lachi, N. El Wakil, T.H. Mai

» Reference: Construction and Building Materials, Volume 184

» Publication Date: 30/09/2018

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This project has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° [605658].

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