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Acalypha indica–mediated green synthesis of ZnO nanostructures under differential thermal treatment: Effect on textile coating, hydrophobicity, UV resistance, and antibacterial activity

In this study, ZnO nanoparticles were green-synthesized from Acalypha indica leaf extract using zinc acetate as a precursor. The prepared ZnO nanoparticles were calcined at three different temperatures, namely 100, 300, and 600?°C. The structure/morphology of the green-synthesized ZnO nanoparticles was ascertained through X-ray diffraction, particle size analysis, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and surface area analysis techniques. It was observed from the physico-chemical and biological characterization studies that ZnO nanoparticles calcined at high temperature (600?°C) exhibit high surface area (230?m2?g?1) and small particle size (20?nm) with good antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (22.89?±?0.06?mm) and Staphylococcus aureus (24.62?±?0.08?mm). In addition, cotton fabrics coated with these nanoparticles showed higher UV-protection (87.8?UPF), hydrophobicity (155°), and maximum zone of bacterial inhibition against E. coli and S. aureus (25.13?±?0.05 mm and 30.17?±?0.03?mm) than those coated with particles calcined at 100?°C and 300?°C. High temperature calcination has a vital role in the crystallization of the particles towards nanoscale with increased resistivity to UV exposure, washing treatments, and microbial infection in fabrics. Thus, the cost-effective ZnO nanoparticles obtained through green synthesis method proves their potential applications in the field of biomedical, textile, and cosmetic applications.

» Author: Subramani Karthik, Palanisamy Siva, Kolathupalayam Shanmugam Balu, Rangaraj Suriyaprabha, Venkatachalam Rajendran, Malik Maaza

» Reference: Advanced Powder Technology

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This project has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° [605658].

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